ELHANAN

ELHANAN
ELHANAN (Heb. אֶלְחָנָן; "God has mercy"), the name of two biblical characters: (1) the son of Dodo of Beth-Lehem and one of David's "mighty men," mentioned after asahel in the list of the 30 warriors (II Sam. 23:24; I Chron. 11:26); (2) the son of Jaare-Oregim of Bethlehem, one of the "servants of David." According to II Samuel 21:19 Elhanan killed goliath , while according to I Chronicles 20:5 (where he is called the son of Jair) he killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath. The former verse contradicts the story of david and Goliath in I Samuel 17. Among the various suggestions put forth to resolve this contradiction is B. Mazar's proposal that Elhanan the son of Jaare (יערי) is to be identified with David son of Jesse (ישי). Elhanan was David's true name before he ascended the throne, while Jaare is a corruption of Jesse (see david ). Some scholars believe that the Hebrew words ʾ et Golyat, i.e., "Goliath," in the source II Samuel, was emended to ʾ aḥi Golyat, i.e., "the brother of Goliath," in I Chronicles, in order to cover up the contradiction between the two accounts. The aggadah, too, identifies Elhanan with David, and explains the word oregim in II Samuel 21:19 as "of those who weave (oreg) the curtains of the Temple" (Targum to this word). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Goldschmid, in: BJPES, 14 (1947–49), 122; A.M. Honeyman, in: JBL, 67 (1948), 13–25; W. Pákozdy, in: ZAW, 68 (1956), 257–9; J. Stamm, in: VT supplement, 7 (1959), 165–83. IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, 6 (1946), 260; I. Ḥasida, Ishei ha-Tanakh (1964), 62. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Japhet, I & II Chronicles (1993), 363–69; S. Bar-Efrat, II Samuel (1996), 233–34; G. Knoppers, I Chronicles 1029 (2004), 736.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Elhanan — may refer to:* The biblical Elhanan son of Dodo, mentioned in 2 Samuel 23:24 and 1 Chronicles 11:26, one of King David s elite fighters known as The Thirty.* The biblical Elhanan son of Jair (also called Jaare Oregim), mentioned in 2 Samuel 21:19 …   Wikipedia

  • ELHANAN — (Paulus Pragensis?; 16th century), apostate and author of missionary works, favored by the Hapsburg emperor rudolf ii . Born in Prague, Elhanan became converted to Christianity and was baptized in Chelm, Poland, although his wife and children did …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elhanan —    Whom God has graciously bestowed.    1) A warrior of the time of David famed for his exploits. In the Authorized Version (2 Sam. 21:19) it is recorded that Elhanan the son of Jaare oregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath. The… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • ELHANAN BEN SHEMARIAH — (d. 1026), head of the academy in Fostat (Old Cairo), Egypt, at the beginning of the 11th century. Elhanan studied at the Pumbedita academy during the gaonate of sherira with whom he later exchanged responsa as he did with the latter s son and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELHANAN BEN YAKAR — (first half of the 13th century), Ḥasidei Ashkenaz theologian. Elhanan, who lived in London, seems also to have traveled on the continent. In common with the Ḥasidei Ashkenaz, his main interest was in esoteric theology and all his known writings… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELHANAN BEN ḤUSHIEL — (first half 11th century), av betdin in kairouan , Tunisia. Elhanan went to Kairouan from Italy with his father at the end of the tenth century. His name appears in verses contained in a letter of R. Ḥushiel to (publ. by S. Schechter in JQR, 11… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elhanan Helpman — (* 30. März 1946 in Dzalabad) ist ein israelischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler. Er lehrt an der Harvard Universität internationalen Handel. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ELHANAN BEN ISAAC OF DAMPIERRE — (d. 1184), tosafist; son of isaac b. samuel the Elder of Dampierre whom he predeceased. Elhanan was martyred, but the circumstances are unknown. Although he wrote tosafot to many tractates,   only those to Avodah Zarah up to p. 35a are extant… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elhanan Tanenboym — (auch: Elhanan Tenenboim und weitere Schreibweisen, hebräisch ‏‏אלחנן טננבוים‎‎‎; * 12. August 1946) ist ein israelischer Geschäftsmann und früherer Oberst der Israelischen Streitkräfte. Tanenboyms Entführung wurde am 16. Oktober 2000 durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elhanan son of Jair — The biblical Elhanan son of Jair (variant forms Jaare Oregim in 2 Samuel 21:19, Jesse in 1 Samuel 17:12) is believed by conservative Bible scholars to be an earlier name of David, who later became the second King of Israel. (See also Elhanan son… …   Wikipedia

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